Policy background of national environmental protection policy at this stage From


Policy background of national environmental protection policy at this stage
From the perspective of environmental economics, the environment is a scarce resource and a common resource. To avoid the “tragedy of the commons”, the cost of treatment must be borne by those who destroy the environment.
Internal diseconomies and external diseconomies concepts.
Example: Take a coal mine resource as an example, coal mine resource is a public social resource, its mining can bring economic benefits, is a public positive externality, but mining coal mine pollution of the environment is a public negative externality; for private individuals involved in mining the benefits obtained from it, which is a positive externality, for local individuals who do not get the benefits, due to bear some environmental pollution or loss of land and coal mine is a negative externality.
How do we solve this problem by let companies that cause pollution to take more responsibility?
How can the protection of environmental
resources improve the country’s economy? Should we pollute first and treat it later, or take preventive measures?


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