You will select a pathogen to write a 3-5 page report discussing what the pathog


You will select a pathogen to write a 3-5 page report discussing what the pathogen is, the disease it induces and how it induces disease. You will be required to choose at least one viral pathogen, one bacterial pathogen and one eukaryotic pathogen. The fourth choice can be any type of pathogen. Additional details about the content of the report is discussed below. The report should be double spaced, with Margins 0.5-1-inch, and 11-12 font using either Times New Roman, Arial or Calibri. The first time you talk about an organism, you need to spell out both its genus and species name. But after the first time, you can abbreviate the genus to a single letter (ex. Staphylococcus aureus then S. aureus). The first page of the report should be a Title page. This title page should have the Pathogen’s full name italicized (i.e. Genus species), your name and the date. These reports will each be worth 50 points and due on the dates below.
The beginning of the report should serve as an introduction to the pathogen. This includes naming the pathogen discussed in the report, including the specific organism and the disease induced by the pathogen (i.e. Bordetella pertussis and Whooping Cough). Then you should describe the pathogen’s basic characteristics, including the type of pathogen it is (i.e. virus, bacteria, etc.). In addition, the basic differential features of the pathogen. These characteristics will change depending on the type of pathogen. For example, for viruses these would include genome type, capsid shape and enveloped or naked. For Bacteria you would discuss its shape, if it is Gram-positive or Gram-negative. For eukaryotic infections, you would discuss if it is fungal, protist or helminth. This should be no more than a 1-2 paragraphs.
You will also describe how the pathogen is spread. This includes the major reservoir/vector of pathogen, the route of transmission and if the pathogen communicable or non-communicable. For many eukaryotic parasites this requires a complex life cycle that involves both the host and the vector for survival. In these cases, be sure to describe this. The discuss how the pathogen establishes an infection and the major disease symptom(s) that are induced by the pathogen.
For each of the above, you need to discuss the major virulence factor(s) utilized by the pathogen during each step of the disease process and related to the disease process. For example, for many viral pathogens the virulence factors (i.e. peplomers) utilized for entry/establishing infection controls the virus’s host and cellular tropism, which the typically relates to the virus’s route of entry and/or the type of disease induced. Any virulence factors that allow for the pathogen to circumvent the host’s immune response. Additionally, any virulence factors associated with destruction of the host’s tissues/cells or toxins that disrupt normal cellular function. These discussions should be specific in what the exact virulence factor is, the specific host cell/proteins the virulence factors is interacting with and what the impact of this is. For some pathogens, you may have different strains that have different virulence factors which results in different disease. Be sure to note this and the impact this has on the disease. Together, these should make up the bulk of the report and be 2-3 pages.
Finally, the epidemiology of the pathogen should be briefly discussed (1-2 Paragraphs). This includes the current incidence and prevalence, both here in the U.S. and in other locations of the world. Also what specific populations are susceptible to developing disease. Lastly, the expected outcome of disease, and treatment/prevention of disease.
Although your text book will provide solid basis of information to make the report, you will need to utilize additional resources. You should use at least 3 additional sources. These sources need to be cited in a Works Cited page, which is not included in the 3-5 page count. I do not have a specific preference on citing format (there are examples at the end of this document), however, you must be consistent in the citing formatting for both in-text and for the Works cited page. Do not plagiarize from any source, including your textbook. The report should be in your own words. Also points will be lost if you just copy and paste large segments xof text (i.e. longer than a sentence) from your source and put quotations around it. Put it into your own words.


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