Microbiology You will respond to another classmate with a substantive comment to


Microbiology
You will respond to another classmate with a substantive comment to move the science discussion forward in minimum 100, maximum 150 words in an area you are interested in after reading the main discussion.
Again, you should provide student original writing, paraphrasing from credible sources, cite your source for this post with parenthetical in-text citations, and provide full end ref information in APA 7th Edition format
Students Disscusion
Jonathan Malmind
Microbiology
Professor Schreiber
Rotavirus
04/27/2022
Rotavirus is an icosahedral virus and is identified easily under an electron microscope with its distinct wheel like shape. Acute diarrhea in infants and young children has been a major worldwide cause in death until 1973. Ruth Bishop, Geoffrey Davidson, Ian Holms, and Brian Ruck identified abundant particles in the cytoplasm of mature epithelial cells lining duodenal villi and in feces, with children admitted to the Royal Children’s Hospital, Melbourne Australia (Bishop, 2009). Rotavirus is primary transmitted though the fecal-oral route, direct contact between humans, and developing countries with poor sanitation. The virus is stable in the environment which enables transmitting through ingestion of contaminated water or food and contact with contaminated surfaces (CDC, 2021). Viral replication occurs in the villous epithelium of the small intestine. The infection may decrease the ability for the intestine to absorb sodium, glucose, and water, and decreased levels of intestinal lactase, alkaline phosphatase, and sucrase activity, may lead to isotonic diarrhea (CDC, 2021).
Incubation period is around 48 hours for Rotavirus disease. It has signs and symptoms of watery diarrhea for three to eight days, abdominal pian, loss of appetite, and severe dehydration in children and adults. Along with those signs and symptoms infants show a few more to look out for; crying with few or no tears, unusual sleepiness or fussiness, decreased of wet diapers, and sunken fontanelles (CDC, 2021). Rotavirus is an inflammation of the stomach and intestines affecting the gastrointestinal system. Rotavirus disease is easily passed by healthy adults within 2-3 days with rest and rehydration. However, in unvaccinated infants or young children it could be potentially dangerous and deadly, and one should seek immediate medical attention.
There are two vaccines that are approved in the U.S. and the majority of the world. Both are live oral vaccines given to infants around 2 and 4 months or at 2, 4, 6 months depending on the brand. Children should receive all doses of Rotavirus vaccine before they turn 8 months old (CDC, 2021). There is no treatment for Rotavirus other than treating the symptoms and preventive care. General good hygiene, hand washing, washing fruits and vegetables, clean drinking water can prevent a person contracting Rotavirus. Rotavirus can be lab tested for diagnosing with a stool sample and electron microscopy or rapid antigen test of stool sample in a clinical setting.
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